Artist

Édouard Vuillard

Demoiselle en rouge, 1893
Oil on canvas laid down on board 
14 x 9 7/16 in. (35.6 x 24 cm)
Signed lower left: E. Vuillard

 

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Marie Vuillard sur sa chaise, penchée (Marie Vuillard in her chair, leaning), 1891-1892 
Chinese ink wash on brown paper
7 1/10 x 9 1/4 in. (18 x 23.5 cm)
Initialed upper right: ev

 

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Édouard Vuillard

Photograph of Édouard Vuillard (detail), n.d. 

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Vuillard's work straddles two centuries: he was a major post-impressionist in the 1890s, as well as a participant in the renewal of decorative art before and after 1900. Vuillard was one of the central figures of "Les Nabis" ("Nabi" means "prophet" in Arabic and Hebrew), a group of Parisian avant-garde artists whose members included Pierre Bonnard and Félix Vallotton, among others. During the Nabi period Vuillard produced some of his best-known work--provocative paintings of middle-class interiors and contributions to avant-garde theater.

Vuillard also worked steadily through his post-Nabi years, from 1900 until his death in 1940. He experimented increasingly with abstraction and powerful color in a manner that bears comparison with Henri Matisse and the Fauves. In the latter decades of his life he expanded his range in natural light, landscape, and portraiture. 

 [This is the artist's biography published in the NGA Systematic Catalogue, https://www.nga.gov/collection/artist-info.1960.html#biography]

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